Setup & Configure HTTPD

In this section we are going to setup Apache HTTP to serve GeoNode.

Apache Configuration

Navigate to Apache configurations folder::

cd /etc/apache2/sites-available

And create a new configuration file for GeoNode::

sudo gedit geonode.conf

Place the following content inside the file::

WSGIDaemonProcess geonode python-path=/home/geonode/geonode:/home/geonode/.venvs/geonode/lib/python2.7/site-packages user=www-data threads=15 processes=2

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName http://localhost
    ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
    DocumentRoot /home/geonode/geonode/geonode

    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log
    LogLevel warn
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access.log combined

    WSGIProcessGroup geonode
    WSGIPassAuthorization On
    WSGIScriptAlias / /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/

    Alias /static/ /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/static_root/
    Alias /uploaded/ /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/uploaded/

    <Directory "/home/geonode/geonode/geonode/">
             Order deny,allow
             Allow from all
             Require all granted

        Order allow,deny
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        Allow from all
        IndexOptions FancyIndexing

    <Directory "/home/geonode/geonode/geonode/static_root/">
        Order allow,deny
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        Allow from all
        Require all granted
        IndexOptions FancyIndexing

    <Directory "/home/geonode/geonode/geonode/uploaded/thumbs/">
        Order allow,deny
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        Allow from all
        Require all granted
        IndexOptions FancyIndexing

    <Proxy *>
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all

    ProxyPreserveHost On
    ProxyPass /geoserver
    ProxyPassReverse /geoserver


This sets up a VirtualHost in Apache HTTP server for GeoNode and a reverse proxy for GeoServer.


In the case that GeoServer is running on a separate machine change the ProxyPass and ProxyPassReverse accordingly

Now load the Apache proxy module:

sudo a2enmod proxy_http

Disable default configuration:

sudo a2dissite 000-default

And enable geonode configuration file:

sudo a2ensite geonode

Add thumbs and layers folders:

sudo mkdir -p /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/uploaded/thumbs
sudo mkdir -p /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/uploaded/layers

Change permissions on GeoNode files and folders to allow Apache to read and edit them::

sudo chown -R geonode /home/geonode/geonode/
sudo chown geonode:www-data /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/static/
sudo chown geonode:www-data /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/uploaded/
sudo chmod -Rf 777 /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/uploaded/thumbs
sudo chmod -Rf 777 /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/uploaded/layers
sudo chown www-data:www-data /home/geonode/geonode/geonode/static_root/

Copy GeoNode data to be served by Apache. You will be prompted for confirmation:

cd /home/geonode/geonode/
sudo -u geonode python collectstatic

SSL configuration

If a secure HTTP communication is needed then you have to add a virtual host listening on a secure port::

Listen 443
<VirtualHost *:443>
    ServerName https://localhost
    SSLEngine on
    SSLCertificateFile "/path/to/"
    SSLCertificateKeyFile "/path/to/"

In some cases even the proxy pass has to challenge with a secured GeoServer instance listening in HTTPS. In this situation Apache has to verify the remote server certificate with the certificate of its own Certification Authority (CA). For this purpose the concatenation of the various PEM-encoded certificate files can be used accordingly with this directive::

SSLProxyCACertificateFile /usr/local/apache2/conf/ssl.crt/ca-bundle-geoserver-remote-server.crt

Alternatively the directive that sets the directory where you keep the certificates of Certification Authorities (CAs) whose remote servers you deal with can be used::

SSLProxyCACertificatePath /usr/local/apache2/conf/ssl.crt/


If the verification of GeoServer certificate is not required then the SSL proxy has to be instructed with a directive which excludes the need of a valid certificate::

SSLProxyVerify none (instead of "require")

If a strong authentication with client certificates is needed then the secure virtual host has to contain at least these directives::

SSLVerifyClient require
SSLVerifyDepth 1
SSLCACertificateFile "conf/ssl.crt/geonode-ca.crt"


This configuration above requires a client certificate which has to be directly signed by the GeoNode CA certificate in geonode-ca.crt. In certain cases you do not want the verification of GeoServer certificate as mandatory hence it is enough to apply the value none

Quick administration

If you change any directive then restart Apache to load the new configurations:

sudo service apache2 restart